The MoD did not disclose why its Type 23 frigate was tracking the Russian military craft, but its spokesperson added that such missions were common.
"The Royal Navy regularly tracks foreign ships and submarines in order to ensure the defence of the United Kingdom," they said.
It's extremely rare for such incidents to become public, but footage of the crash came to light thanks to a television documentary crew onboard the British vessel at the time.
Warship: Life At Sea is a Channel 5 series that follows UK Navy ships and sailors as they patrol international waters and carry out their duties.
Footage from the episode shows HMS Northumberland's crew in a tense scene as they carry out the search, and their shocked reaction when contact is made with the ship's probe - including the sonar operator's panic when he asked "what the f*** did I just hit?!"