Fast food trash accounts for '88% of world's coastline litter'
Daniel Harries
A diver swims through plastic off the coast in Bali, Indonesia. /CFP

A diver swims through plastic off the coast in Bali, Indonesia. /CFP


Fast-food and beverage packaging has been identified as the primary source of plastic litter accumulating along the world's coastlines, according to a study.

Using data gathered from surveys and community waste inventories, researchers from the University of Cadiz, classified more than 12 million items of litter identified worldwide. 

READ MORE: How recyclable are plastics and where do they go when they leave our bins?

There is an estimated 8 million tons of plastic entering the world's oceans each year. Of that 70 percent of debris sinks into the ocean's ecosystem, 15 percent floats, and 15 percent lands on our beaches.

The study, led by Carmen Morales-Caselles and Andres Cozar, categorized the items according to material, type and probable origin. They discovered that takeaway items – discarded shortly following use – accounted for up to 88 percent of waste gathering either at shorelines or nearshore waters. 



Meet the waste warriors reusing and recycling your trash

Each year almost a billion tons of food is wasted. What happens next?

Eco death: What can we do with our bodies?


The composition of nearshore litter was dependent on income of the country, with fewer single-use items washing up in high-income countries. 

These items included plastic bags, containers, food wrappers, cans, bottles and cutlery. 

Researchers discovered that, in the open ocean, waste from fishing activity – ropes, strings nets – was the dominant source of litter.  

The authors state that understanding the source of the waste products is crucial in the reduction of pollution. This knowledge is also needed to ensure responsible production and consumption patterns, they add.

Search Trends